Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss. Symptoms may also include increased hunger, feeling tired, and sores that do not heal. Often symptoms come on slowly. Long-term complications from high blood sugar include heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy which can result in blindness, kidney failure, and poor blood flow in the limbs which may lead to amputations. The sudden onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state may occur; however, ketoacidosis is uncommon. Type 2 diabetes is partly preventable by staying a normal weight, exercising regularly, and eating properly. Treatment involves exercise and dietary changes. If blood sugar levels are not adequately lowered, the medication metformin is typically recommended. Many people may eventually also require insulin injections. In that on insulin, routinely check blood sugar levels is advised, however this may not be needed in those taking pills. Bariatric surgery often improves diabetes in those who are obese.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have increased markedly since 1960 in parallel with obesity. As of 2013 there were approximately 368 million people diagnosed with the disease compared to around 30 million in 1985. Typically it begins in middle or older age,although rates of type 2 diabetes are increasing in young people. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy. Diabetes was one of the first diseases described. The importance of insulin in the disease was determined in the 1920s.

  • Glucose tolerance test
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy)
  • Hearing impairment

Related Conference of Diabetes mellitus type 2

July 17-18, 2017

18th European Diabetes Congress

Lisbon, Portugal
July 20-22, 2017

19thAsia Pacific Diabetes Conference

Melbourne, Australia
July 24-26,2017

10th Diabetologists Conference

Vancouver, Canada
September 20-22, 2017

International Conference on Diabetes and Diabetic Nursing Care

Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
October 30- November 1, 2017

9th Annual Congress on Endocrine Disorders and Therapies


(10 Plenary Forums - 1 Event)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
December 04-05, 2017

25th Global Diabetes Summit and Medicare Expo

Dubai, UAE
October 30-November 01, 2017

10th International Conference on Endocrinology

Chicago, Illinois, USA
February 12-13,2018

7th European Diabetes and Endocrinology Congress

Munich, Germany

Diabetes mellitus type 2 Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in